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Tupinambá Cosmology and the Making of Consciousness: A Jungian Perspective


Presented by Inacio Cunha, PhD


Sunday, May 19, 2024, 11 am - 1 pm PDT (UTC - 7)

This program will not be recorded.

By the Age of Discovery, around 1500, the Portuguese encountered the Tupinambá, the largest group of Amerindians who occupied nearly the entire coastal area of Brazil. They were people known for their unwavering warlike disposition and their "fascinating and barbaric" custom of eating human flesh. 

This lecture will explore the reports of the Tupinambá cosmology, including its main mythological characters and their development.  The interaction in the cosmology between the divine (both anthropomorphic and theriomorphic) and human beings allows us to visualize and understand a part of the archetypal struggle involved in the “making” of consciousness.

Inacio Cunha, PhD, a Jungian analyst, graduated from the Research and Training Centre for Depth Psychology According to C. G. Jung and Marie-Louise von Franz in Zurich. He currently coordinates a discussion forum for analysts who graduated from this Centre. He is in private practice in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, where he also teaches and organizes meetings on Jungian psychology.


He has translated three books by Marie-Louise von Franz into Portuguese and has published the following books in English: The Lower Limbs in Jungian Psychology: The Girl with Her Big Toe in Her Mouth and The Feminine Entrapped Within a Fruit: A Jungian Interpretation. He published in Portuguese: Os custos da consciência: A Relação Pai e Filho num conto africano sob o escrutínio da Psicologia Analítica Junguiana (The Costs of Consciousness: The Father and Son Relationship in an African Tale), and more recently, Mito Cosmogônico Tupinambá – À Luz da Psicologia Analítica Junguiana (Tupinambá Cosmogonic Myth – In the Light of Jungian Psychology). The book O Canibalismo Tupinambá e a Construção do Corpo Eterno (The Tupinambá Cannibalism and the Building of the Eternal Body) is currently in publication.

Learning objectives:  

  • Explain how the study of cosmology and cosmogony can help us understand the development of consciousness.

  • Identify the archetypal quality that permeates the struggle between humans and divine beings in the making of consciousness, using the Tupinambá as an example.

  • Explain how archetypal images may bring light to the psychological functioning of contemporary man. 



Registration is free but REQUIRED in order to view the program live. You will not be admitted to the Zoom session unless you have registered.  Use this link to register for this program.  After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting.

Continuing Education (CE)

This course meets the qualifications for 2 CE hours for LMFTs, LCSWs, LPCCs, and/or LEPs.


  • Use the CE Registration Form to pay $15 and register to be awarded 2 CE hours for this program.  

  • Attend the entire program (Zoom records the attendance times of attendees).

  • A Certificate of Completion will then be emailed within ten days.

For more information about the awarding of continuing education units, visit our CE web page.

If you are not satisfied with a program, please email us your grievance.

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